Caserta The Royal Palace of Caserta is now a World Heritage Site and was originally built for the Bourbon Royal family. The construction of the Palace began in 1752 and took over 90 years to complete. Caserta was considered to be a safe location for the Royal Palace as it was out of range of Vesuvius and could not be attacked by sea pirates. Built to rival the palaces of Versailles and Madrid, it was used as a base for the Allied Forces during World War II. The Palace was more recently used as a film location for the movie, “Star Wars Episode II – Attack of the Clones”.